“'Cybernetics' (based on kybernetes, the Greek word for 'steersman,' cognate to English 'governor') was the science, Norbert Wiener announced, of 'communication and control,' or of feedback mechanisms in general. In his improbable 1948 best seller 'Cybernetics,' he would claim that the new science takes up 'the blank spaces on the map' between estranged, overspecialized scientific disciplines. This ambition meant that Wiener needed a language to mediate between those disciplines: information."
An appealing feature of ''The Dream Machine'' is its comprehensiveness. Most of the big names are here, along with brief synopses of their ideas. Using the common trick in popular science writing of humanizing the players, Waldrop gives us not only Alan Turing's account of an abstract computer but his tragic death at 41. John von Neumann's work on computer architecture is sketched, as are tales about his lightning mental calculations. Norbert Wiener's cybernetics (the name didn't stick, but the prefix sure did) is presented as is his proverbial absent-mindedness. The same treatment is accorded Vannevar Bush's anticipations of hypertext, Claude Shannon's information theory and the psychologist George Miller's and the linguist Noam Chomsky's rebuttal of behaviorism.
Norbert Wiener's cybernetics (the name didn't stick, but the prefix sure did) is presented as is his proverbial absent-mindedness.
它說數學家Norbert Wiener鑄的 cybernetics 一字，並沒有普遍化， 廣為人所應用。
不過，它的前綴cyber倒是常存了 (譬如說 cyberspace/cybercrime......)。
cybernetics Show phonetics
the scientific study of how information is communicated in machines and electronic devices in comparison with how information is communicated in the brain and nervous system
prefix (GRAMMAR) Show phonetics
a letter or group of letters added to the beginning of a word to make a new word:
In the word 'unimportant', 'un-' is a prefix.
See also affix (WORD PART). Compare suffix.
We who spend so much time in the cyberworld owe it all, or at least the cyber-, to the American scientist Norbert Wiener. For his 1948 book Cybernetics he derived the prefix from classical Greek kubernGtGs, meaning "one who steers," and added the suffix -ics to indicate that it was a science like physics or mathematics. Wiener, a mathematician, proposed cybernetics as the study of systems of control and communication, in particular those of the human mind and the computer. The analogy between mind and machine introduced by cybernetics made possible the development of primitive computers into machines that imitate human modes of thinking.
Nobert Wiener Cyberntics﹐or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine﹐MIT Press.1948,1962
Norbert Wiener : Cybernetics池原止戈夫 他訳; サイバネティックス 第2版- 動物と機械における制御と通信 岩波書店1961