As the Zika virus explodes across Latin America, genetically engineered, bacteria-infected and sterilized mosquitoes are being tested to supplement standard prevention methods like insecticides and the removal of standing water.
茲卡病毒（英語：Zika virus, ZIKV，又譯寨卡病毒），是黃病毒科中之黃病毒屬，經由斑蚊（尤其是埃及斑蚊）的傳播而使受蚊叮咬的人罹患茲卡病毒感染症。該病毒最早在西元1947年於烏干達的茲卡森林中的獼猴體內分離出來，因而得名。依據基因型別分為亞洲型和非洲型兩種型別，在中非、東南亞和印度等都有發現的紀錄。過去只有少數人類病例的報導，直到西元2007年在密克羅尼西亞聯邦的雅蒲島爆發群聚疫情，才對此疾病有較多的認識。
In 1947, scientists researching yellow fever placed a rhesus macaque in a cage in the Zika Forest (zika meaning "overgrown" in the Luganda language), near the East African Virus Research Institute in Entebbe, Uganda. The monkey developed a fever, and researchers isolated from its serum a transmissible agent that was first described as Zika virus in 1952. It was subsequently isolated from a human in Nigeria in 1954. From its discovery until 2007, confirmed cases of Zika virus infection from Africa and Southeast Asia were rare.